A Guide to IT Jobs and Career Options

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There is no question that the IT industry is expanding more than ever, and this brings an incredibly high demand for IT specialists. The growth in IT is set to remain strong for at least the next 10 years, so this field is ideal for those looking to earn an excellent salary by doing something they already have a passion for.

The Future of IT Jobs

The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 12% growth in IT jobs between 2018 and 2028, this is higher than the average job growth rate. The average salary for IT jobs in 2018 was $86,320, but again, due to such high demand, this is likely to increase.

Educational Requirements for IT professionals

As with most occupations, the higher the qualifications and the more experienced, the higher the salary. Some companies will require a bachelor’s degree, preferably in computer science. Other companies will look closer to a candidate’s portfolio to gain a better understanding of the acquired skills.

IT Job Titles

The vocabulary associated with IT is extensive and will vary, as will the type of job. Careers in IT can range from cybersecurity specialists to Data Managers. One business may need to hire a programmer, while the next will want a developer, the job may entail the same responsibilities. There are also many jobs where skill sets can be transferable, making the same candidate qualified for different roles.

Below you will find 9 of the most common IT job titles and roles.

  1. Cloud Computing Engineers

Alternative names: Cloud Architect, Cloud Consultant, Cloud Services Developer. Cloud System Administrator

The role of a Cloud computing engineer is to design, build, and maintain cloud systems. They will also have to find solutions for systems and infrastructure that cloud providers manage. Candidates will need a strong knowledge of cloud services like Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure.

  1. Computer Network Services

Alternative names: Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer Network Analyst, Computer Systems Manager, Network Administrator, Network Engineer

It is necessary to be confident in creating and maintaining various forms of data communication networks. Most will have a bachelor’s degree and some even have a master’s in business administration.

  1. Computer Support Specialist

Alternative names: Customer Support Specialist, Desktop Support Specialist, IT Systems Administrator, Technical Specialist, Help Desk Technician

As the name implies, a Computer support specialist is there is aid those individuals and companies using computers. This could include the day-to-day operations, fixing issues through customer service, or testing network systems. A bachelor’s or associate degree may be required, but some companies are happy to accept post-secondary classes.

  1. Database Administrator

Alternative names: Data Quality Manager, Data Center Support Specialist, Senior Database Administrator

Companies are receiving vast amounts of data in today’s world and it is essential that this data is organized and managed properly. Along with managing large databases, they will need to know how to protect data from unauthorized personnel.

  1. Information Technology Analyst

Alternative names: Application Support Analyst, Systems Analyst, Systems Designer

A more focused area of database administration, IT analysts concentrate on collecting and analyzing market data and the use of the client information. They are in high demand with companies that require organizational technology for the running of their business.

  1. Information Technology Leadership

Alternative names: IT Director, Chief Information Officer (CIO) Technical Operations Officer

These roles require ample experience in IT systems as well as a range of management skills; communication skills, budgeting, creating and implementing policies, time management, to name a few.

  1. Information Security Specialist

Alternative names: Information Security, Security Specialist, Senior Security Specialist

Cyber-attacks are not only more frequent, but they are also becoming more powerful, hitting even the tech giants. The need for Information Security Specialists is far higher than the average IT role or any other job, this an expected growth rate of 32% between 2018 and 2028. Their role is to identify potential cyber threats and create a plan to prevent them.

  1. Software/Application Developer

Alternative names: Application Developer, Computer Programmer, Developer, Java Developer, Associate Developer, Software Engineer, Programmer Analyst

This role entails the running and testing of computer programs and apps. They will also have to be able to design new applications and find solutions for codes. It is common for these candidates to have a degree in computer science.  Growth for this job is expected to increase by 21% from 2018 to 2028.

  1. Web Developer

Alternative names: Front End Developer, Web Administrator, Webmaster, Senior Web Developer

Aside from designing and creating user-friendly websites, this job requires the ability to ensure the websites are stable and meet the needs of the client. It is essential to have experience in HTML, JavaScript, and/or SQL.

In Conclusion

It is not always necessary to have a degree in order to start your IT career. There are plenty of courses and projects that you can take on to build up your portfolio and get yourself noticed. Although mistakenly thought of as a solitary job, IT positions also require a solid range of soft skills including communication.

 

 

 

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